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Alisa in Koln

I like a lot Architecture in Koln, its so nice. I never saw before so nice Architecture. I visited cologne cathedral. Cologne Cathedral eclipses in its size and grandeur all other historic buildings in the city. Its twin towers rise 515 feet (157 metres) above the city centre. After an earlier cathedral on the site was destroyed by fire in 1248, it was decided that a new one would be built in the Gothic style, emulating the cathedrals of France. The choir was completed in 1320 and consecrated in 1322. Construction continued until 1560, when it came to a halt. The cathedral stood unfinished until 1842, when work was resumed. In 1880 the enterprise was finally completed. The building was badly damaged by air raids in 1944; but by 1948 the choir had been restored and was again in regular use, as was the rest of the interior by 1956. Ongoing work is needed to repair the effects of acid rain on the cathedral’s stonework.

The 14th-century stained-glass windows in the choir are considered especially beautiful, and the cathedral is also noted for its other art treasures. On the high altar is a massive gold shrine containing what are said to be relics of the Magi, sent to Cologne from Milan in 1164. This shrine, begun byNicholas of Verdun in 1182 and completed in about 1220, is considered one of the finest examples of medieval goldwork. The altar in the Lady Chapel (on the south wall of the choir) has a triptych, The Adoration of the Magi, painted between about 1440 and 1445 by Stefan Lochner, an outstanding painter of the Cologne school.

By the south side of the cathedral lies a reminder of Cologne’s still more ancient past: the mosaic floor of a banquet hall in a great Roman villa, discovered during excavations near the cathedral in 1941. The floor is now incorporated in the Roman and Germanic Museum. Other Roman remains in Cologne include a well-preserved 1st-century-ce tower from the earliest city wall, the remains of the North Gate, a large portion of the Praetorium visible in the basement of the restored Gothic Town Hall, and a mausoleum in Weiden on the outskirts. The Ubier-Monument, discovered in the 1960s, dates from the period of the Ubii occupation of the area (see below). Remains of the medieval walls can still be seen, and three of the original 12 gates survive: Eigelstein Gate, Hahnen Gate, and Severins Gate. The medieval Bayen Tower stands near the Rhine.

Apart from the cathedral, the Inner City possesses many other noble churches, largely built in the prosperous Middle Ages. Particularly in evidence is the Romanesque style, of which the best examples are Sankt Gereon, Sankt Severin, Sankt Ursula, Sankt Maria im Kapitol, Sankt Kunibert, Sankt Pantaleon, Sankt Aposteln, and Gross Sankt Martin. After sustaining severe wartime damage, these churches underwent a program of restoration, the completion of which was celebrated in 1985. The 14th-century Antoniterkirche, a secularized monastery church, was made over to the Protestants in 1802 and became

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